The Granada is a municipality located in the central part of 6.57 km², the Alt Penedès, between the pre-coastal mountain range and the Garraf massif, which includes the enclave of Cortei, located between the municipalities of Subirats and Figueres. Now in the Granada live little more than 2,000 people.
How to arrive
To get to the Granada, is can be done via the Renfe line R4, with a stop in the same population. Can be reached by road via the AP-7 motorway, taking the exit Vilafranca del Penedès and can be accessed by the roads C-244 "Villefranche-Sant Sadurní-" or "C-15" Manresa-Vilanova i la Geltrú.
Despite its agricultural character, a good part of the population works in the industries, the same population and especially of Vilafranca, to complement the economy. Will grow three-quarters of the surface, in dry regime, of which almost all are dedicated to the vineyard, which has meant the reduction of other crops that had been traditional, as are cereals, olives and fruit trees. With all the Granada also has spaces such as the woods of the Hills, which is the highest point of the term, which makes it an excellent viewpoint of much of the region. In this area, in addition to the vineyards, there are Woods, fields of grain, fodder and almond trees, which help you to remember how was the municipality before the monopolization of the vineyard.
Among the landmarks of the Granada is the parish church of St. Kitts in the 16th century, although much modified in the 18th century. Another significant building and gives personality to the town is the castle of the Granada, of which only a few are preserved ruins, as it was destroyed by order of Philip v. Also has other unique venues such as the House of the Castellan of the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries or the streets up to the station, born thanks to the railway station.
Among the diverse cultural activity of the municipality stands out, the Festival, which includes the View of CAVAS and Wines of the Penedès and applicable on the second Sunday of July. It also celebrates the small Festival or feast of the Most traditional and the rise and fall of the Donkey.
The oldest remains found in the village of La Granada correspond to a set of fossils for about 16 million years, discovered during the construction of the railway line. In addition, the year 2007 was another site in the area of the Teuleria of poplars, which proved the existence of a Roman villa in the area. Despite this, from here there is little information on the occupation of the territory up to the medieval period.
The origins of the Granada are documented from the year 950 when Bishop Guilarà enfeoffed the Granada, in term of Olèrdola, Sisovald, who built a castle: the Tower of the Granada. We also have knowledge that the 991 existed the Church of St. Kitts. A few years later, the 1003 a Muslim attack led by Abd al-Malik Yûsuf, destroyed the Castle, which was rebuilt two years later.
But the construction of the village, which will probably be made about the remains of a previous settlement of Roman origin, it was step around this castle or the Church, but on the market. Born in the 9th century, the Granada can boast of having had the first market of the Penedès and one of the most important of the Principality. It is for this reason, along with its excellent geographical location, which in its surroundings was building up an important road network that made during the centuries of the Reconquista became the center of communications. For the Granada there are made the Via Augusta, via Merchant, from the inside, and the via Francisca, from the South.
But it is also for this an excellent road network that was the site of step in all the struggles that there have been in our land. One of the most remembered was the 1642, in the framework of the reapers ' war, in which the Spanish troops were defeated by French forces, precisely, in the castle of the town. It must be for this reason that Philip V made him tear down after the war of the Spanish succession.
Right after this war, the start of a very important economic growth, which is based mainly in the cultivation of vines, but also cereals, olives and vegetables.
Now, a highlight in the economic growth and the population of the town is the arrival of the railway in 1865, which has meant a revolution for the whole region and, in particular, by the municipalities that had, as the Granada.
Since then, the vine-growing and wine production has been growing, with only the stops that caused the plague of phylloxera and the Spanish Civil War, and currently, the Granada is one of the largest producers of wines and CAVAS from the region of Alt Penedès.